Lyme Disease What is Lyme disease?
Lyme disease is an infectious disease. The reason for the spirochete Borreliaburgdorferi, a kind of germ, is the cause. Deer are ticking or black-legged mites from a western human bite and transmit the bacteria to humans. These mites are the size of sesame seeds. Lyme disease occurs mainly in rural and suburban areas. Lyme disease occurs in the United States, Europe, Asia and Australia.
Symptoms of Lyme disease include: Fever Headache Fatigue Diseases Stiff neck Muscle pain Joint pain A skin rash is called erythema migrans, which appears from a week to a week after a tick bite. This rash usually begins at the site of a tick bite. This is initially a small red spot that is growing. The center disappears, which looks like a bull’s eye or a ring. Some people have a lot of red spots in their place. The rash often burns and itches. However, some people do not feel this way.
How to find out if you have Lyme disease?
Talk to your doctor about your symptoms. He usually diagnoses How to treat Lyme disease? if he has symptoms and physical results (especially a specific rash). The possibility of tick bite infection is important. Laboratory tests are useful mainly in the later stages of the disease. Previously, they can give false results. People who have had Lyme disease for less than a month may have a negative blood count, since they have not yet developed antibodies against the disease. In addition, at the onset of Lyme disease, patients taking antibiotics for other reasons will never be able to develop a positive test for Lyme disease. A blood test is almost always positive in patients who have been ill for more than a month without antibiotics.
How is Lyme disease treated?
How to treat lyme disease? Most cases of Lyme disease are treated with several weeks of antibiotics. Early Lyme disease requires 14 to 30 days of antibiotics. Antibiotics are usually prescribed orally. If you get to know how to boost your immune system, intravenous antibiotics may be required. Take all of the medicines prescribed by your doctor as instructed. To avoid the spread of infection to the joints, the heart and nervous system should not stop taking medication. Call your doctor and discuss if you have any problems with the medicine. A blood test is not very useful to test your treatment.
How to prevent Lyme disease?
The best way is to avoid tick bites. Good protection – clothing in the forest area, a shirt with long sleeves and pants instead of shorts. An insect repellent containing permethrin or similar personnel may be used. Follow the instructions for use, as repellents can also cause skin irritation. After walking outdoors, check your body and scalp for ticks and rashes. Check pets. Quickly remove mites from fabric. Also consider gardening and pest control in your area.